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TextFile.py

# Text files with automatic (un)compression and URL access.
#
# Written by: Konrad Hinsen <hinsen@cnrs-orleans.fr>
# Last revision: 2000-11-17
# 

import os, string, sys

# Use the gzip module for Python version 1.5.2 or higher
gzip = None
try:
    _version = map(string.atoi,
                   string.split(string.split(sys.version)[0], '.'))
    if _version >= [1, 5, 2]:
        try:
            import gzip
        except ImportError:
            gzip = None
except:
    pass

00022 class TextFile:

    """Text files with line iteration and transparent compression

    TextFile instances can be used like normal file objects
    (i.e. by calling readline(), readlines(), and write()), but can
    also be used as sequences of lines in for-loops.

    TextFile objects also handle compression transparently. i.e. it is
    possible to read lines from a compressed text file as if it were not
    compressed.  Compression is deduced from the file name suffixes '.Z'
    (compress/uncompress), '.gz' (gzip/gunzip), and '.bz2' (bzip2).

    Finally, TextFile objects accept file names that start with '~' or
    '~user' to indicate a home directory, as well as URLs (for reading only).

    Constructor: TextFile(|filename|, |mode|='"r"'), where |filename| is
    the name of the file (or a URL) and |mode| is one of '"r"' (read),
    '"w"' (write) or '"a"' (append, not supported for .Z files).
    """

    def __init__(self, filename, mode = 'r'):
        if string.find(filename, ':/') > 1: # URL
            if mode != 'r':
                raise IOError, "can't write to a URL"
            import urllib
            self.file = urllib.urlopen(filename)
        else:
            filename = os.path.expanduser(filename)
            if mode == 'r':
                if not os.path.exists(filename):
                    raise IOError, (2, 'No such file or directory: '
                                    + filename)
                if filename[-2:] == '.Z':
                    self.file = os.popen("uncompress -c " + filename, mode)
                elif filename[-3:] == '.gz':
                    if gzip is None:
                        self.file = os.popen("gunzip -c " + filename, mode)
                    else:
                        self.file = gzip.GzipFile(filename, 'rb')
                elif filename[-4:] == '.bz2':
                    self.file = os.popen("bzip2 -dc " + filename, mode)
                else:
                    try:
                        self.file = open(filename, mode)
                    except IOError, details:
                        if type(details) == type(()):
                                details = details + (filename,)
                        raise IOError, details
            elif mode == 'w':
                if filename[-2:] == '.Z':
                    self.file = os.popen("compress > " + filename, mode)
                elif filename[-3:] == '.gz':
                    if gzip is None:
                        self.file = os.popen("gzip > " + filename, mode)
                    else:
                        self.file = gzip.GzipFile(filename, 'wb')
                elif filename[-4:] == '.bz2':
                    self.file = os.popen("bzip2 > " + filename, mode)
                else:
                    try:
                        self.file = open(filename, mode)
                    except IOError, details:
                        if type(details) == type(()):
                                details = details + (filename,)
                        raise IOError, details
            elif mode == 'a':
                if filename[-2:] == '.Z':
                    raise IOError, (0, "Can't append to .Z files")
                elif filename[-3:] == '.gz':
                    if gzip is None:
                        self.file = os.popen("gzip >> " + filename, "w")
                    else:
                        self.file = gzip.GzipFile(filename, 'ab')
                else:
                    self.file = open(filename, mode)
            else:
                raise IOError, (0, 'Illegal mode: ' + repr(mode))

    def __del__(self):
      self.close()

    def __getitem__(self, item):
      line = self.file.readline()
      if not line:
          raise IndexError
      return line

    def readline(self):
      return self.file.readline()

    def readlines(self):
      return self.file.readlines()

    def write(self, data):
      self.file.write(data)

    def writelines(self, list):
      for line in list:
          self.file.write(line)

    def close(self):
      self.file.close()

    def flush(self):
        self.file.flush()

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